Phytofabrication of Nanoparticles from Lamiaceae against infectious microbes
Neelam Jain1 and G. K. Aseri2
1Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University Rajasthan, Jaipur - 303 002, India
2Amity Institute of Microbial Technology, Amity University Rajasthan, Jaipur 303 002, India
Synthesis of Nanoparticles by Physico-chemical techniques is complex, costly and toxic which can lead to environmental pollution. Therefore biological sources are an alternative for the synthesis of functional nanoparticles. Plants being the richest natural source of bioactive molecules have been used in traditional and modern medicine. Phytofabrication of nanoparticles is a possible ecofriendly alternative to chemical and physical method. Lamiaceae is an important family of medicinal and aromatic plants, consisting of about 160 species with 24 species native to India. Their bioactive essential oils are being used as pharmaceutical agents. This study is comparative account of plant mediated nanoparticles synthesis and their characterization from different members of Lamiaceae for antibacterial activity against infectious microbes.
Key words: Nanoparticles, Antibacterial activity, Lamiaceae, plant extracts.