Disposal of Radioactive Waste Using Nanotechnology
Jay Garach, Zalak bhut, Kaushik Babiya
Department of Nano Technology ,V.V.P Engineering College, GTU
Nanotechnology is the science and technology of precisely manipulating the structure of matter at the molecular level. The term nanotechnology embraces many different fields and specialties, including engineering, chemistry, electronics, and medicine, among others, but all are concerned with bringing existing technologies down to a very small scale, measured in nanometers A nanometer a billionth of a meter is about the size of six carbon atoms in a row. Today, as in the past, most industrial products are created by pushing piles of millions of atoms together by mixing, grinding, heating a very imprecise process. However, scientists can now pick up individual atoms to assemble them into simple structures or cause specific chemical reactions. Propellers have been attached to molecular motors, and electricity has been conducted through nanowires. Nanotubes made of carbon are being investigated for a variety of industrial and research purposes. In the future, nanotechnology may be able to harness the forces that operate at the scale of the nanometer, such as the van der Waals force, as well as changes in the quantum states of particles, for new engineering purposes.
Radioactive waste that contains radioactive material is hazardous to human health and the environment, and is regulated by government agencies in order to protect human health and the environment. Among the many applications of nanotechnology that have environmental implications, remediation of contaminated groundwater using nanoparticles containing zero-valent iron (nZVI) is one of the most prominent examples of a rapidly emerging technology with considerable potential benefits.
This paper will covers the strength of Nanotechnology that helps to clean drinking water. Technology has long been important in providing clean drinking water and irrigation for food crops. Water is a scarce resource, and for many countries — particularly those in the Middle East — supplies already fall short of demand, since with the pressures of climate change and population growth, water will become even scarcer, especially in developing regions.