Special issue "Nanomaterials to Monitor and Improve Environmental Quality";
Currently, major cities globally are in a state of continuous expansion and economic transformation. Booming global economic growth, on one hand, enhances the standard of living, while, on the other hand, it simultaneously presents enormous challenges for environmental ecology and the associated infrastructure needed to sustain well-being in the long-term. This dichotomy may be humanity’s grand challenge for the 21st century, regarding sustaining living standards and simultaneously benefiting from the economic expansion, while preserving ecological integrity. Hence, our entire human civilization confronts a series of critical challenges that represent the direct impacts of anthropogenic pollution on our ongoing existence, including our future industrial and social progress. The subject continues to unfold, as scientific community uses the nexus of technological innovations to balance the benefits of technological innovations with their environmental impact for our continued survival.
Effective solutions to the complexity of problems identified here will demand the integration of diverse scientific and technological disciplines. It is well known that materials approaching nanoscale dimensions exhibit characteristics that uniquely enable novel characteristics in unprecedented ways. Advances in the synthesis of such materials in reduced dimensions and characterization methods allow the means to study, understand, control, and even manipulate the transitional characteristics between isolated atoms and molecules and bulk materials. Recent functional and architectural innovations in nanoscale materials have initiated applications in chem-bio agents’ interrogation, environmental pollution sensing, monitoring, mitigation and remediation, energy harvesting and storage devices, plasmonics, in vivo analysis of cellular processes, and nano-biotechnology-based futuristic health and clinical medicine platforms. Nanotechnology-based sensor platforms enable the direct detection of chemical and biological agents in a label-free, highly multiplexed format over a broad dynamic range. The field is very active and rapidly developing and covers a wide range of disciplines.
The goal of this Special Issue is to form a repository of current and diverse research investigating the various aspects of nanomaterial-based sensors/detector, devices and systems to monitor and mitigate contaminants to improve environmental aspects and enhance safety and sustainability, by soliciting comprehensive reviews and articles of original research and emerging innovations. Topics of interest include:
Nanomaterial-based sensors/detectors for environmental pollution interrogation with high specificity, selectivity and sensitivity;
Nanomaterial-based environmental contamination mitigation strategies. Articles dealing with microplastics and returned pharmaceutics in water are of particular interest;
Nanomaterials for sensing, detection and remediation of new and emerging contaminants;
Integration of nanomaterials in internet of (every) thing, IoT devices;
Nexus of technologies, foresight tools and multi-criteria decisions support analysis and risk assessment to understand and bridge knowledge gaps.
Prof. Dr. Ashok Vaseashta: Guest Editor
Ms. Lily Zhang: Project coordinator
Date: 1 March 2021 - 30 December 2021