Efficient Solar Photovoltaic Cells using nanofilms
Abhineet Samadhiya, Pradeep Kumar Jhinge, Kamal Kumar Kushwah
Jabalpur Engineering College, Jabalpur (M.P)
Photovoltaic energy is preferred because it is clean and secure. Therefore, a photovoltaic energy system has been one of the considerable sources of alternative energy for the current and future. Studies however proved that dust has significant influences on the performance of the PV system. The dust accumulation on the surface of the solar module causes decreasing in its performance. Dust particles differ in phase, sort, chemical and physical properties depending on many environmental conditions. Air temperature and humidity in addition to wind speed play a significant role in defining dispersed dust and how it will accumulate on the cell. It is found that dust allocation and soiling effect are crucial, along with the humidity and temperature that largely affect the performance of the PV module. Additionally, the wind itself carries a significant amount of dust and sand particles, especially in deserted areas. Deposition of dust in humid conditions forms adhesive, sticky mud on the PV cell and worsens the situation as it reduces the power generation up to 60–70%.
Hence the purpose of this research is to find substantial ways to enhance the efficiency of solar panels while focusing on substantial ways of mitigating the accumulation of dust on solar photovoltaic panels using the novel nanotechnology.