Nanomedicine - Unraveling the effects of siRNA carrier systems on cell physiology: a multiparametric approach demonstrated on dextran nanogels

Title: Unraveling the effects of siRNA carrier systems on cell physiology: a multiparametric approach demonstrated on dextran nanogels


Authors: Stefaan J Soenen, Lynn De Backer, Bella Manshian, Shareen Doak, Koen Raemdonck, Jo Demeester, Kevin Braeckmans & Stefaan De Smedt​‌



Aim: The extent of cell–nanoparticle interactions between a polycationic siRNA nanocarrier system (dextran nanogels) and cultured cells was analyzed. Materials & methods: A multiparametric methodology is introduced to examine the cytotoxic effects of a model siRNA carrier (dextran nanogels) on different cell types, including primary human cells. Using this methodology, the nontoxic concentration of nanogels could be defined and the mechanisms contributing to their toxic profile were unraveled. Results: Above the toxicity threshold, nanogels were found to induce oxidative stress and destabilize the plasma membrane. Furthermore, nanogel-induced cellular stress led to DNA damage, impeded cell functionality and intracellular signaling, resulting in unspecific regulation of gene expression. Conclusion: This methodology shows that current toxicity assays such as the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2yl-)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assay are not adequate to assess the full spectrum of cell–nanoparticle interactions and more in-depth studies are required.

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Tags: Future, Nanomedicine, ShareYourNanoscience, medicine


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Publications by A. Paszternák:

Smartphone-Based Extension of the Curcumin/Cellophane pH Sensing Method

Pd/Ni Synergestic Activity for Hydrogen Oxidation Reaction in Alkaline Conditions

The potential use of cellophane test strips for the quick determination of food colours

pH and CO2 Sensing by Curcumin-Coloured Cellophane Test Strip

Polymeric Honeycombs Decorated by Nickel Nanoparticles

Directed Deposition of Nickel Nanoparticles Using Self-Assembled Organic Template,

Organometallic deposition of ultrasmooth nanoscale Ni film,

Zigzag-shaped nickel nanowires via organometallic template-free route

Surface analytical characterization of passive iron surface modified by alkyl-phosphonic acid layers

Atomic Force Microscopy Studies of Alkyl-Phosphonate SAMs on Mica

Amorphous iron formation due to low energy heavy ion implantation in evaporated 57Fe thin films

Surface modification of passive iron by alkylphosphonic acid layers

Formation and structure of alkylphosphonic acid layers on passive iron

Structure of the nonionic surfactant triethoxy monooctylether C8E3 adsorbed at the free water surface, as seen from surface tension measurements and Monte Carlo simulations

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