PRINCIPLES OF NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY in the First part introduces the systematic development of materials and its long journey to nanodimensions and how
nano has moved from the world of the future to the world of the present
is discussed in detail. The Second part of the book emphasises on
how the unique properties of nanomaterials have motivated researchers
to develop simpler and inexpensive techniques to produce nanostructures
of technologically important materials using both top down approaches
which rely on continuous breaking up of the bulk matter and bottom up
approaches which build the nanostructures by its constituent units. Both
these approaches have been discussed in detail. Part Three of
the book introduces the invention and
development of sophisticated equipment for the characterization,
measurement and manipulation of nanomaterials i.e., Atomic Force
Microscope to study the nanomaterials down to atomic scale. The Fourth
part describes the significant impact on almost all industries and
all areas of society which will offer better built, longer lasting,
cleaner, safer and smarter products for home, communication, medicine,
transportation, agriculture and for industry in general.
CONTENTS: Foreword / Preface / Acknowledgements /
Systematic Development of Materials / Methods of Generation of
Nanomaterials / Electron Microscopy / X-ray Crystallography /
Spectroscopy Techniques / Properties of Nanomaterials / Applications of
Nanomaterials / Suggested Exercises on Nanotechnology / Index.
READERSHIP: Postgraduate Students, Researchers and Professionals in Physics and Chemistry
I am happy to mention few of the breakthroughs of wounderful science.
A technology that provides connections between and among the
sciences that will help students to develop an understanding of the
relationships between disciplines. Such integration is emblematic of new
ways of thinking about the future and the workplace. Nanotechnology,
especially through the convergence of many fields of science and
engineering at the nanoscale, will contribute to fulfilling the mission
of making students into critical thinkers, capable of participating in intelligent debates
about how societies ought to be transformed.
Nanoscience has reached within the last decade the status of a
leading science with fundamental and applied research prospects in all
basic cognitive sciences such as physical, life and earth sciences: from physics and
chemistry, biology and medicines, to engineering and agriculture.
Nanotechnology is the next industrial revolution and almost all
industries will be radically transformed by it in a few years and this
technology would directly benefit a common man when it comes to
has already established a beachhead in the economy. Fabric
industries are using embedded nanoparticles to create stain repellent
Khakis. It has played a major rule in development of sensors. If these
sensors are fitted into the uniform of soldiers and heaven forbid, if
their blood comes in contact with the sensor, it would pass information
about the wearer’s condition to the headquarters within nanoseconds.
Besides, the sensors we are talking about can even help in monitoring of
environment and could provide data on the amount of undesirable
elements present in the atmosphere.
The application of nanotechnology has enormous potential to
greatly influence the world in which we live. From consumer goods,
electronics, computers, information and biotechnology, to aerospace
defense, energy, environment, and medicine, all sectors of the economy
are to be profoundly impacted. Long term developments are likely
to occur in convergence with other emerging technologies, such as
biotechnology and information technology, where nanotechnology will
serve as an enabler of the new product.
Nanotechnology can solve many of the world's current problems.
For example, water shortage is a serious and growing problem. Most water
is used for industry and agriculture; both of these requirements would
be greatly reduced by products made by nanotechnology. Infectious
disease is a continuing scourge in many parts of the world. Simple
products like pipes, filters, and mosquito nets can greatly reduce this
problem. Information and communication are valuable, but lacking in many
places. Computers and display devices would become stunningly cheap.
Electrical power is still not available in many areas. The efficient,
cheap building of light, strong structures, electrical equipment, and
power storage devices would allow the use of solar thermal power as a
primary and abundant energy
source. Environmental degradation is a serious problem worldwide.
High-tech products can allow people to live with much less environmental
impact. Many areas of the world cannot rapidly bootstrap a 20th century
manufacturing infrastructure. Finally, nanotechnology will provide
cheap and advanced equipment for medical research and health care,
making improved medicine widely available. Much social unrest can be
traced directly to material poverty, ill health, and ignorance.
Nanotechnology can contribute to great reductions in all of these
problems, and in the associated human suffering. Above all, we believe
that nanotechnology will help solve the most challenging global issues
that we face in the areas of energy, health, environment, and global
Within just five years nanotechnology could be used in nearly
half of new products from computer devices to cancer like disease
treatments, renewable energy sources, lightweight manufacturing
components in cars and aeroplanes, agents for environmental remediation,
water filters for removal of viruses, contaminants and salt for the
entire world. Such potential strides explain why nanotechnology is
viewed as key to future economic growth and why technologically advanced
countries are earnestly pursuing its development across the globe. It is estimated that by 2015
this exciting field will need 20 billion workers worldwide.
Inclusion of nanotechnology in the science curriculum
will foster interdisciplinary explorations of science. Because
nanotechnology is an emerging interdisciplinary field, it can be
included in physical science, chemistry, physics, biology, environmental
sciences and engineering. In an attempt to take part in this
fascinating nanoworld and to contribute to its ambitious challenges,
there was a dire need of a book on Nanoscience, which could give a clear picture
of this wonderful science to our dear students. The book entitled, “Principles of Nanosciences
and Nanotechnology” published by M/S Narosa Publishing House,
New Delhi is now in the market and hopefully could serve the
purpose. People in general and students in particular need to learn
more about how science at the nanoscale can benefit us in our everyday