Indrani Mahapatra  J. Clark  Peter J. Dobson  Richard Owenand Jamie R. Lead
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2013,15, 123-144  DOI: 10.1039/C2EM30640A


The application of nanotechnology and nanoscience for medical purposes is anticipated to make significant contributions to enhance human health in the coming decades. However, the possible future mass production and use of these medical innovations exhibiting novel and multifunctional properties will very likely lead to discharges into the environment giving rise to potentially new environmental hazards and risks. To date, the sources, the release form and environmental fate and exposure of nano-enabled medical products have not been investigated and little or no data exists, although there are a small number of currently approved medical applications and a number in clinical trials. This paper discusses the current technological and regulatory landscape and potential hazards and risks to the environment of nano-enabled medical products, data gaps and gives tentative suggestions relating to possible environmental hotspots.

The publishing arm of the Royal Society of Chemistry (UK) has made this crucially important [in my estimation] review accessible to readers via various log-in mechanisms: institutional authentication by way of Athens; direct, no-charge RSC ID registration; and/or librarian site licence. Avail yourselves of the publication here.   

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