Poster Graphic: Lessons Learned: Milestones of Toxicology, Courtesy of Toxipedia,(CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 US)
The Arabic-language version of Milestones of Toxicology poster was translated in November 2011 by Ansam Sawalha, Ph.D., Dean and Associate Professor of the Faculty of Pharmacology & Toxicology; and Founding Director of the Poison Control and Drug Information Center, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine.
CHINESE (STANDARDISED, SIMPLIFIED)
The Milestones of Toxicology poster was transcribed into simplified Chinese by Jianghong Liu, Ph.D., RN, with editing completed by Xinsheng Gu (顾新生).
CHINESE (CLASSICAL, TRADITIONAL)
The classical transliteration of the Milestones of Toxicology poster was prepared by Xinsheng Gu (顾新生) and reviewed by Chin-ju Jean HSIAO.
The primary, English-language version of the Milestones of Toxicology interactive poster is the result of a 2006 creative collaboration between Steven G. Gilbert, Ph.D., DABT (Founding Director of the Institute of Neurotoxicology and Neurological Disorders, USA, and Affiliate Professor in the Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, USA) and Antoinette (Toni) Hayes, MS (Northeastern University, USA; Research Scientist II, Exploratory Toxicology, Wyeth Biotech, USA; contributing author, Historical milestones and discoveries that shaped the toxicology sciences in: Molecular, Clinical, and Environmental Toxicology (Andreas Luch, ed. 2009)) for the 45th Society of Toxicology [SOT] meeting.
Historical Milestones and Discoveries Which Shaped the Toxicology Sciences
“ “ Knowledge of the toxic and healing properties of plants, animals, and minerals has shaped civilization for millennia. The foundations of modern toxicology are built upon the significant milestones and discoveries of serendipity and crude experimentation. Throughout the ages, toxicological science has provided information that has shaped and guided society. This poster presentation examines the development of the discipline of toxicology and its influence on civilization by highlighting significant milestones and discoveries related to toxicology. The examples shed light on the beginnings of toxicology, as well as examine lessons learned and re-learned. This project is also an effort to examine how toxicology and the toxicologist have interacted with other scientific and cultural disciplines, including religion, politics, and the government. Toxicology has evolved to a true scientific discipline with its own dedicated scientists, educational institutes, sub-disciplines, professional societies, and journals. It now stands as its own entity while traversing such fields as chemistry, physiology, and pharmacology. We invite you to join us on a path of discovery and to offer your suggestions as to what are the most significant milestones and discoveries in toxicology. “ “
The Milestones of Toxicology poster was translated into French by Franck Canorel, Ph.D., at Vacataire à l’Université de Versailles. Franck Canorel is a graduate of the École de santé publique - Université de Lorraine (Faculté de Médecine de Nancy) and holder of a diploma of third cycle in health environment.
The Milestones of Toxicology poster was translated into German by Christoph Wilhelm, Ph.D., University of Konstanz, Germany in April 2012. Wilhelm directs SafeSciMet, the pan-European modular education and training programme in safety sciences for medicines.
The Italian version of the Milestones of Toxicology poster was composed in April 2012 by Paolo and Francesco Costa with help from their father, Lucio G. Costa, Ph.D., of University of Washington’s School of Public Health, USA, where he is Professor of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences.
The Milestones of Toxicology poster was translated into Korean by Michael Kang in January 2013.
The Portuguese rendition of the Milestones of Toxicology poster was created by University of Washington, USA student Juliana P. De Carvalho, whose research interests encompass toxicology and environmental health.
The Milestones of Toxicology poster was translated into Russian by Iliya Alexandrovich Bitkin (Биткин Илья), Ph.D., Pharmaceutical Chemistry; Head of Laboratory, Doctor of Technical Sciences at Yarsintez Research Institute in Russia.
In addition to the Português rendition, University of Washington student (USA) Juliana P. De Carvalho also undertook transliteration tasks for the Spanish-language version of the Milestones of Toxicology poster.
In October 2012, a team from Yeditepe Üniversitesi’s Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Toxicology in Istanbul rendered a Turkish translation of the Milestones of Toxicology poster. Contributors included: Professor Dr. Ahmet Aydın; Assistant Professor Dr. Hande Sipahi, PharmD.; and students Mohammed Carehsaz, M.Sc; Feyza Kelleci, B.Sc. Pharm; Onur Güler, B.Sc. Pharm; İpek Sönmez, Ph.D., PharmD candidate; and Dicle Demir, student assistant.
Map Graphic: Connecting Scientists & Experts to Improve Global Health Courtesy of Toxipedia,(CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 US)